Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía 2022-06-01T15:03:25-05:00 Dr. Jorge Isaac Lechuga Cardozo Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/licyindex.jpg" alt="" /><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/licyindex.jpg" alt="" />Revista Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía is a scientific journal on Political Science and International Relations (Social Sciences) that promotes the exchange, dissemination and transfer of knowledge in the field, with emphasis on the area of Politics; for this purpose, it is based on the political reality of Latin America and the rest of world. It relies on the quality of scientific production considering systematics and rigor; it uses the Double Blind Review methodology in its peer review process; it publishes original articles, results of research projects and literature reviews under the guidelines of the publishing standards of the American Psychological Association (APA), sixth edition.</p><p><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/INDEXACIONES6.jpg" alt="" /><br />Revista Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía welcomes the good practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics; it is edited semi-annually, January-June and July-December, and it is distributed since 2015 under the support of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León , in electronic format in Open Access. It spreads its work in Spanish and English and it is addressed to the scientific community in Politics, mainly to researchers and teachers who deal with the field of Political Science and international Relations.</p> Communication, political crisis and social mobilization in Latin America (2019-2021) 2022-06-01T09:57:03-05:00 Luis Olivera Cárdenas <p>If there is a term that usually characterizes our Latin America in recent years, it is crisis. Crises in different spheres, economic, political, social, to which our states and societies have sought responses that, in the best of cases, have alleviated some of the symptoms of the crisis, but have definitely not attacked the causes and have not they set out to banish them.</p> <p>In the midst of this scenario, the COVID 19 pandemic reached our continent at the beginning of 2020. A critical test for our states and societies that revealed more weaknesses than strengths. This element deepened and diversified the crisis that we were already dragging. One of the most complex dimensions of this crisis context is that of communication. Communication in its diverse and complex spheres, not only what the traditional media do or do not do. This installment of the Political, Globality and Citizenship Scientific Journal addresses the issue of communication and crisis. The 14 articles in this issue address both dimensions from very different perspectives and place their analyzes in very varied contexts.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Luis Olivera Cárdenas Politicization of influencers during the post-electoral political crisis in Bolivia? 2022-06-01T15:03:25-05:00 Alejandra Gabriela Jiménez-Ovando Claudia Cadavid-Echeverri <p>This article is the product of a digital documentary review whose objective was to describe the use of social networks of seven influencers during the post electoral crisis in Bolivia in October 2019. The theoretical pillars for the present are digital social networks, Democracy 2.0, permanent campaign, and political polarization. In terms of the methodology, content analysis was applied as a quantitative method. As one of the main findings was found the negative adjective to Evo Morales, as well as the related themes denote the violent while the opposite to this is the peaceful. In this sense, it was concluded that the studied influencers having access and extensive knowledge regarding digital social networks amplified their discourses, as part of a permanent campaign against Morales, under a logic of ideological polarization using adjective and various narrative resources.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alejandra Gabriela Jiménez-Ovando, Claudia Cadavid-Echeverri A democratic dilemma in Mexico: social dissent against the promise of political change 2022-06-01T15:03:23-05:00 Daniel Peña-Serret <p>Here it was explored the problem of how a president who displays a democratizing change when his action and project are answered by citizens mobilized for legitimate causes. The study had an exploratory character, with a qualitative approach and based on the combination of documentary observation techniques from primary sources for the characterization of the three selected social movements, indigenous communities against the “Maya Train” infrastructure, six feminist mobilizations, and the National Anti-AMLO, developed in the first years of Amlo’s presidential term in Mexico. Semantic content was used to base inferences about the strategy that the federal government deploys in turn, with the aim to identify any patron of behavior of the president towards the mobilized political dissent. The presidential strategy was found to have four characteristic features: 1) to discredit any mobilization of political dissent and dissent, based on stigmatizing its protagonists; 2) to delay effective governmental responses to resolve the conflicts generated, given the inefficiency to implement them; 3) to shift the focus of the agenda and public discussion of collective issues, towards the politically directed and controlled sphere of the public media and turn them into an object of controversy between “political camps” ; 4) manipulate public opinion harassing critical journalism and using the state apparatus of public media to promote a favorable image of the president and the ruling party. It concludes that this strategy entails the risk of installing a kind of “tyranny of the majority” on dissident minorities, with undesirable consequences for the collective task of affirming a socially equitable and inclusive democracy.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Peña-Serret Political, pandemic, and social crisis: study of the Government Bolsonaro in the context of COVID19 in Brazil 2022-06-01T15:03:20-05:00 Roberto Macedo Gondo Lígia De Morais Oliveira <p>The objective of this article is to present the results of a quantitative probabilistic research carried out with the Brazilian population in the national territory to identify the perceptions of the presidential government of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil. The research cut is dimensioned for the years 2019 and 2020, in order to align with the first part of the current president’s term and converge on the mot representative issues that emerged in the Brazilian and global context, such as dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, and the respective public policies oriented to combat and control the disease, the strengthening and guidelines of social movements and political renewal that have emerge in recent years and the position of the government under diplomatic and international conduct. According to the parameters of the research, it was possible to identify a growing discontent with the Brazilian federal government, under the prism of fighting the pandemic and actions to stimulate economic growth. Factors that point the difficulties that will be faced in the second term, which will culminate strategically in the 2022 elections and possible reelection attempt of the Executive</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Roberto Macedo Gondo, Lígia De Morais Oliveira Networks of cooperation of Academic Bodies of a Public University of Mexico 2022-06-01T14:45:19-05:00 Angélica Vences-Esparza Irma María Flores-Alanís María Guadalupe Rodríguez-Bulnes <p>The objective of this descriptive-explanatory work is to analyze the collaboration and academic cooperation and academic cooperation of the Consolidated Academic Bodies -CAC and in the Consolidation -CAEC of the UANL. The research questions are (1) What types of academic relationships do the CAC and CAEC report?, (2) What are the purposes? and (3) What kind of results do they report? The data collection was performed by analyzing the CVU of the CAV and CAEC that are registered in the System for filling the Curriculum of PRODEP. Under a quantitative analysis the research questions were answered, finding collaboration with peers from other national and international higher education institutions. In this process, the importance of reconsidering personal factors, in close relationship with the collectives for the proper functioning of the organizations is rescued. The collaborations are established to developed joint research projects and derive in the training of human resources, theses, stays and publications this is relevant because it makes evident the effort to advance, even if it is an external requirement imposed by federal programs and results in the benefit of the institution, although incipiently, in international matters.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Angélica Vences-Esparza, Irma María Flores-Alanís, María Guadalupe Rodríguez-Bulnes The luxury of alcohol: the opportunity of the sector in emerging countries 2022-06-01T14:44:40-05:00 Gabriela Mata-Sánchez <p>In recent decades, the emerging powers have not only been the subject of study in various academic disciplines, but also of desire of companies seeking to increase their sales in new markets with great purchasing power. The sale of alcoholic beverages is an example. Alcohol consumption has grown in emerging countries while improving the quality of life of its inhabitants, a trend that is different in developed countries. The object of this article is to explore the relationship between alcohol consumption and the human development index -HDI in the countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) and compare this trend with developed economies. The methodology used was quantitative, based on the construction of a data base with information from 2000 and 2005, obtained from the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Development Programme, as well as conducting Pearson correlation test and linear regressing. The results showed that there is a correlation between these indicators in both groups of the countries, and that, when comparing, the trends were inverse, proving the influence of economic development on the increase in alcohol consumption in emerging countries.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gabriela Mata-Sánchez Economic crisis and welfare State, exploratory study in Cadiz, Spain 2022-06-01T14:44:38-05:00 Antonio Oñate-Tenorio Práxedes Muñoz-Sánchez <p>This article is a review of the existing literature and the analysis of the data obtained in a pilot study whose main objective was the search for the association with economic crisis and welfare state. The connection of the crisis was studied in the categories such as citizenship, resilience, social transformations, movements and social groups, and its investigation in health, socio-community, and citizenship sectors in general. This article is a review of the existing literature and the analysis of the data obtained in a pilot study whose main objective is the search for the association between economic crisis and welfare state. We study the connection of the crisis in categories such as citizenship, resilience, social transformations, movements and social groups, and its investigation in health, socio-community, and citizenship sectors in general. The main reason for the investigation is the consequences of the economic recession of the years 2008/09, which has passed into world economic history for its intensity and for being the first truly global economic crisis. Theoretical research requires a qualitative methodology to analyze their discourses on the relationship between economic crisis and the welfare state. The research concludes that the economic crisis was not the cause, but the excuse to justify the crisis of the welfare state and faces political challenges that question its raison d'être in effectiveness and legitimacy.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Antonio Oñate-Tenorio, Práxedes Muñoz-Sánchez Restorative justice in Mexico: reflections de lege data and lege ferenda 2022-06-01T14:44:36-05:00 Carlos Franco-Castellanos <p>This article, entitled "Restorative justice in Mexico: reflections of lege data and de lege ferenda", aimed to analyze, from a theoretical-normative perspective, restorative justice in the legal system-The Mexican Penal Code provides for the identification of areas of opportunity that will contribute to the development of lege data and lege ferenda. A qualitative approach was followed of descriptive and propositional cross-sectional type, based on the study, analysis and criticism of the doctrine-norm-jurisprudence triad and the bibliographic references used are in official databases. It was found that the design envisaged the restorative justice presents normative inadequacies that prevent its daily use as a mechanism of access to criminal justice, along with the ignorance of its theoretical models, principles, and nature. As conclusions, it was necessary to improve its current regulation in the criminal legal system according to its theoretical foundations.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Franco-Castellanos Community mediation as social welfare and peacemaker in social conflicts 2022-06-01T14:44:33-05:00 Francisca Castro Alvarez <p>This article named “Community Mediation as a Social Welfare and Peacemaker in social conflicts” had as objective the social approach applying the community mediation and its impact on the prevention of crime since the transformation of the conflicts of neighboring coexistence, the approach was a mixed methodology, based on the technique of documentary review, in the study, comparative analysis in different municipalities of the metropolitan area, supporting the analysis in several authors such as García Máynez, Lederach, Gorjón Gómez, Gutiérrez Vázquez, among others, also indexed journals, obtained vLex, Eirene, books, electronic books, conferences, videos, citizen interview, to ensure the veracity of the information collected, it was found that the normative design to resolve conflicts of the community mediation, is not a method that can be used in a traditional judicial process, and there is no community law as such to be applied in this context.&nbsp; Concluding in this research that justice must be citizenship through community mediation, so that mediation is disseminated and known to the most distant communities of each municipality in the State of Nuevo León.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Francisca Castro Alvarez Social protest: is it a right or a threat? Analysis of the social protest seen in the threats to the civil rights of the citizen 2022-06-01T14:44:30-05:00 William Alfredo Sierra Gutierrez <p>Social protest, part of a right of the citizenship to recognize how the general welfare of the population prevails in accordance with the fulfillment of the minimum needs of individuals in the face of the construction of a social, political, and cultural system. The aim of this article is to analyze the threats faced by citizen from the perspective of civil rights. As a methodology, a documentary study is used, qualitative, with a nonexperimental design and cross-sectional, so it studies, so it studies with the use of databases and studies, a theoretical approach on social protest. It was found that, the role of the national police in social protest is disconnected from the goal of security forces, which is to provide security and guaranties to the civilian population, which only seeks to demonstrate that, power rests on the people in the form of moving society economically and politically, in turn trying to eliminate inequality and injustices committed by some particular minority, for this reason and in accordance with the constant clashes between two actors of society such as the civilian population and the national police, the civil rights of citizen are evolving in order to guarantee their right to a free and spontaneous manifestation.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 William Alfredo Sierra Gutierrez Stakeholders and University Social Responsibility at the National University of San Antonio Abad in Cusco 2022-06-01T14:44:27-05:00 Ana María Venero Vásquez Victoria Puente de la Vega Aparicio <p>The objective of the research was to identify the perception of internal and external stakeholders regarding the university social responsibility fulfilled by the National University of San Antonio Abad in Cusco (UNSAAC). For this purpose, a qualitative, descriptive, and nonexperimental basic research was carried out, with a probabilistic sample of 211 internal stakeholders and a non-probabilistic sample of 49 external stakeholder representatives. Surveys and interview techniques were applied. The results showed that the most of the internal stakeholders perceive that the university social responsibility is moderately acceptable in the four axes of social responsibility (management, training, cognition and social perception), on the other hand, an important part of the external stakeholders perceive that the university is disconnected from the organizations of its local and regional environment, especially in the aspects of management and research, nevertheless consider that the university is an organization potentially allied to its institutional activities.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ana María Venero Vásquez, Victoria Puente de la Vega Aparicio Barter in the Path of a Citizen-Consumer: An Autoethnographic Viewpoint 2022-06-01T14:44:25-05:00 Wendy Marilú Sánchez-Casanova <p>Barter comes from citizen-costumer, exchanging good or services for others without monetary reference (use value that provides welfare) and its context is the social and solidarity economy. The aim of this study was to describe barter as a supportive practice facilitating the learning process of a citizen-consumer, who puts a critical awareness first when deciding how purchase goods and services. Following a qualitative methodology, through auto-ethnography focused on an individual barter experience in Mexico City (from 2012 to 2014) in three stages: 1) decision to be citizen-consumer, 2) specific barter experience and 3) how that experience ended. Barter was found to promote sustainability, as the crossing of objects with useful life resists planned and perceived obsolescence, constituting an innovative, community and conscious exercise based on trust and organic interactions, inspiring actions for a broad individual and collective presence on the stage sociopolitical. However, barter could be restricted by the lack of coincidence of needs and desires. It is concluded that barter is a learning process that involves tries and error, building and deconstructing individuals, societies, expectations, and practices aimed at addressing poverty and inequality caused by the pre-eminence of the paradigm of value change.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Wendy Marilú Sánchez-Casanova Pedagogical strategy orientated at enhancing English language learning at the ARC Naval School “Barranquilla” 2022-06-01T14:44:23-05:00 Luis De Moya Luis Candanosa Elkin Gutiérrez Hamudy-Fabian Quintero-De-Moya <p>This article is the product of research carried out to design a pedagogical strategy aimed at enhancing the learning of the English language, based on the description and analysis of a diagnosis of the causes of academic underachievement and loss of the English subject in the cabin boys of the ARC Naval School “Barranquilla”. The purpose was to design a strategic tool that would integrate the different educational resources that would guarantee the maximum academic performance in the cabin boys (students) in the learning of a foreign language (English). The methodological design was an experimental quantitative model, which in essence has a great development of pre-experimental order; however, it also uses non-experimental elements of cross-sectional descriptive and correlative type. Among the main expected results is the visible acceptance and high employability of a strategy composed of selective resources, designed considering the inherent characteristics of the students under investigation; key conditions for determining these specific variable necessary to establish, prospectively, an adequate field of action in the strategy based on theoretical references related to the object of research.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Luis De Moya, Luis Candanosa, Elkin Gutiérrez, Hamudy-Fabian Quintero-De-Moya Between the bestial and the sacred: essentialist discourses and neoconservative reaction in Latin America 2022-06-01T14:44:20-05:00 Hernán Caneva Fabiana Parra <p>This article is the product of an outgoing research whose objective was to examine the present tensions in certain discoursed coming from liberal and religious neoconservative sectors in Latin American region. The purpose of this research was to show, on one side, the essentialist assumptions of the discoursed (assumptions that, however, can also be analyzed within feminism itself); and on the other hand, show the negative effects that these discursive constructions imply. Subsidiarily, alternatives are presented to dismantle them. To carry out the objectives, the qualitative method of critical- conceptual analysis was applied with the technique of documentary review and analysis of the discourse of historical experiences in which representations based on a supposed essence have a central status to legitimize practices of violence and exclusion. This allowed to show the continuities with the discursive ideological phenomena unleashed by the current neoconservative advance in Latin America, specifically in Argentina. Finally, the paper argues the need to practice the necessary epistemic vigilance so that the discourses in question cease to permeate all layers of society.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Hernán Caneva, Fabiana Parra Hooded youths (anarchos and feminist): crossword for AMLO´s Political communication 2022-06-01T14:44:16-05:00 Hugo Sánchez-Gudiño <p>This article is the product of a documentary review whose objective was to: prepare a critical balance of the Political Communication Strategy of the Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) against the Hooded collectives calling themselves Anarchs and Separatist Feminists who demanded the cessation of the violence against women and an end to feminicide. A theoretical-methodological approach was applied focused on 3 lines of action: the Network Society, Social Movements and Pop Politics. The method used was not limited only to the documentary review and analysis of the Youth Protest Movement against the federal government, but that also resorted to ethnographic techniques such as direct study of activists and social groups, as well as personal interviews and participant observation with the central political actors of the protest in this qualitative research. It was found that the Anarcho and Feminist Hooded Collectives violated and weakened the Media Narratives of the 4T, as well as the presidential figure with hundreds of slogans on social networks and in the streets that demanded equality and justice for the murdered, disappeared women from the federal government. , and all the cases of gender violence that have gone unpunished, which is why it is concluded that this vertiginous movement of the Hooded Women and their flags of struggle have become a difficult crossword puzzle for the government headed by López Obrador to solve.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Hugo Sánchez-Gudiño