https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/issue/feed Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía 2021-09-13T22:40:21-05:00 Dr. Jorge Isaac Lechuga Cardozo revista.politicas@uanl.mx Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/licyindex.jpg" alt="" /><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/licyindex.jpg" alt="" />Revista Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía is a scientific journal on Political Science and International Relations (Social Sciences) that promotes the exchange, dissemination and transfer of knowledge in the field, with emphasis on the area of Politics; for this purpose, it is based on the political reality of Latin America and the rest of world. It relies on the quality of scientific production considering systematics and rigor; it uses the Double Blind Review methodology in its peer review process; it publishes original articles, results of research projects and literature reviews under the guidelines of the publishing standards of the American Psychological Association (APA), sixth edition.</p><p><img src="/RPGyC/public/site/images/gabriela/INDEXACIONES6.jpg" alt="" /><br />Revista Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía welcomes the good practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics; it is edited semi-annually, January-June and July-December, and it is distributed since 2015 under the support of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León , in electronic format in Open Access. It spreads its work in Spanish and English and it is addressed to the scientific community in Politics, mainly to researchers and teachers who deal with the field of Political Science and international Relations.</p> https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/206 Constitutional crisis vs. health crisis: State, government and human rights during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America 2021-09-13T22:40:21-05:00 Irene Spigno irene.spigno@gmail.com Gustavo Ruz Dueñas fernandoruz@uadec.edu.mx <p>Debido a la pandemia ocasionada por el COVID-19 los gobiernos de todo el mundo implementaron medidas institucionales para contener la propagación del virus, atender a las personas enfermas y, al mismo tiempo, salvaguardar el sistema económico y garantizar la seguridad pública. Las acciones que se llevaron a cabo en Latinoamérica para solucionar las problemáticas derivadas de la contingencia sanitaria pueden analizarse a través de tres perspectivas distintas; a saber: aquella que tiene que ver con las cuestiones y mecanismos constitucionales existentes para enfrentar una situación de emergencia y su aplicación; aquella que tiene que ver con las acciones de los gobiernos en turno y que atienden a cuestiones administrativas o políticas; y aquellas que, relacionadas con los dos aspectos anteriores, engloban de manera general afectaciones a los derechos humanos.</p> <p>En el presente número de la Revista Científica Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía, revista científica editada por la Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León se presentan once artículos que abordan la problemática derivada de la contingencia sanitaria ocasionada por el COVID-19 desde una perspectiva de Estado, de Gobierno o de Derechos Humanos; y otros temas relevantes, y de actualidad, como lo son los delitos electorales, el derecho a la ciudad, los derechos de las mujeres, entre otros. Los textos expuestos en este número son el resultado de investigaciones rigurosas que aportan ideas importantes para la profundización del debate académico de cada uno de los temas. Con esto, la Revista Científica Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía, continúa posicionándose como una referencia importante para la comunidad académica y científica, nacional e internacional, en aras de generar conocimiento útil para la comunidad universitaria.</p> <p>Conforme a todo lo anterior, Luis Fernando Vélez Gutiérrez, de la Universidad Sergio Arboleda (Colombia), presenta un trabajo que analiza el impacto de la pandemia causada por el COVID-19 en los derechos de las víctimas y de los familiares de las personas desaparecidas, específicamente, en materia de verdad, justicia, reparación y garantías de no repetición. Por su parte, Víctor Manuel Vera García y Francisco Duarte Tello, de la Academia Interamericana de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila y del Instituto Coahuilense de Acceso a la Información Pública (México), respectivamente, examinan la forma en que las personas que profesan la religión católica hicieron frente a las restricciones de movilidad y de reunión implementadas por la pandemia ocasionada por el COVID-19 para continuar practicando su religión. En el mismo sentido, María Gabriela Zapata Morán, Jorge Hipólito Berlanga Ramírez y Hugo Salazar Mata, de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), colaboran con un artículo que recopila diferentes estrategias para llevar a cabo acciones paradiplomáticas en las universidades y el impacto que éstas tienen en la atracción de estudiantes extranjeros que ingresan a un posgrado, específicamente, en la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. El estudio se realizó antes y durante la pandemia ocasionada por el COVID-19, lo que impacto en los resultados de este.</p> <p>En lo que hace a los textos sobre temas no necesariamente relacionados con la pandemia ocasionada por el COVID-19, pero de igual trascendencia y relevancia para los tiempos actuales, tenemos la participación de Sandy Elizabeth Martínez Lara, Gerardo Tamez González, de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), y Francisco Anibal Ganga Contreras de la Universidad de Tarapacá (Chile), quienes analizan la relación entre el contexto cultural y las características de la “institución” como variables del proceso de aculturación y adaptación cultural en los estudiantes de educación superior que realizan una movilidad académica en el extranjero. Además, Yudith Caicedo Domínguez, Rocío Yépez, de la Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia UNAD (Colombia), Guadalupe Hoyos Garcés, del Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje SENA (Colombia), y Diana Karen Sandoval-Pinedo, de la Universidad de Guadalajara (México), presentan las experiencias más significativas relacionadas con los usos agroindustriales lícitos de la hoja de coca que las comunidades indígenas del departamento del Cauca, Colombia, han adoptado en el marco del postconflicto.</p> <p>Sobre temas sociales relacionados con el ejercicio de derechos, Cristian Rivas Castillo, de la Universidad Politécnica de Nicaragua (Nicaragua), presenta un texto que estudia la configuración del Derecho Electoral nicaragüense, su delimitación conceptual, y la clasificación de los delitos electorales reconocidos por la legislación electoral. Asimismo, Claudia Guadalupe De la Fuente Morales y Fernando Méndez Sánchez, de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (México) y la Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (México), respectivamente, proponen un estudio de la Ciudad de Puebla, analizando su fundación, y la manera en que la población ha sufrido una planificación territorial específica, de la que se desprenden, en términos de los autores, muchos de los problemas de violencia y conflictos sociales que se viven al interior de la Ciudad. Claudia y Fernando destacan, además, la necesidad de aplicar un protocolo para coadyuvar con el desarrollo del Derecho a la Ciudad en Puebla, que abarque tres aspectos: comunidad, delincuencia y ambiente.</p> <p>En cuanto a los derechos de las mujeres, Deniss Karina González Lozano y Yahaira Berenice Martínez-Pérez de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), presentan una investigación que analiza estos derechos en el Estado mexicano, desde una perspectiva que incluye los derechos humanos y la igualdad de género. Este estudio realiza un análisis reflexivo de la norma jurídica desde un abordaje crítico-jurídico. Una de las conclusiones de las autoras es que es necesario generar mecanismos de atención, con perspectiva de derechos humanos, para salvaguardar los derechos de las mujeres. Sobre la democracia y la ciudadanía, Ricardo Escutia Miranda y René Torres Ruiz, de la Universidad Iberoamericana (México), contribuyen con una investigación que contrasta el debate teórico de la democracia y la ciudadanía con la realidad del Estado mexicano. Los autores realizan un recorrido conceptual del debate teórico de la democracia y su relación con la ciudadanía con la finalidad de contraponer el discurso teórico con la realidad.</p> <p>Por último, pero no por eso menos importante, Roberto Treviño Ramos, Gustavo Daniel Ortiz Téllez, y Héctor Hugo Maldonado Salinas, todos de la de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), presentan un artículo resultado de una investigación cuyo objetivo en establecer las características del nuevo modelo de gestión judicial en Latinoamérica; y Borja García Vázquez, también de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), presenta un texto que se desprende una investigación que tiene como objetivo negar la originalidad del precariado como nueva clase social emergente, por medio de la exposición del concepto, confrontándolo a la noción de clase expuesta desde el marxismo, y las condiciones sociales existentes en la actualidad en la República Popular China.</p> <p>De todo lo dicho es posible concluir que esta edición de la Revista Científica Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía es una publicación relevante para quien desee ahondar en cada uno de los temas tratados por las y los autores que formaron parte de esta. Esta edición concentro el trabajo de veintitrés autores que forman parte de once instituciones distintas de cuatro países diferentes; a saber: Chile, Colombia, Nicaragua y México. Con esto, se cumple una vez más, con el objetivo que persigue la Revista de difundir trabajos de investigación relevantes para la comunidad internacional que, además, versan sobre temas actuales. Para concluir, no queda más que agradecer a quienes hicieron posible, una vez más, la publicación de este número, que esperamos sirva para difundir el conocimiento, provocar nuevas investigaciones, y generar nuevos debates en torno a las ciencias sociales.</p> 2021-09-13T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Irene Spigno, Gustavo Ruz Dueñas https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/184 Cultural context and characteristics of the institution as acculturation strategies 2021-06-01T19:21:28-05:00 Sandy Elizabeth Martínez-Lara sandy.martinezlr@uanl.edu.mx Gerardo Tamez-González gerardo.tamezg@uanl.mx Francisco Anibal Ganga-Contreras ganga.francisco@gmail.com <p>This article aims to determine the relationship between the cultural context and the characteristics of the institution as variables in the process of acculturation and cultural adaptarion in Higher Education students did an academic mobility abroad. Through a mixed methodology with qualitative and quantitative studies, through the use of semi-structured interviews applied to experts on issues of internationalization of Higher Education; likewise, a total of 43 surveys were applied to students who do an academic exchange during the years 2016-2017. The main results showed important relationships between the variables because the cultural context obtained a = .741, while characteristics of the institution a = .813. On the other hand, experts indicate that students should have as much previous knowledge about the culture and institution of the host country. This is how it is concluded that the cultural contex t and the characteristics of the institution are strategic factors within the acculturation process in students.&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sandy Elizabeth Martínez-Lara, Gerardo Tamez-González, Francisco Anibal Ganga-Contreras https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/185 Covid-19, rights of the relatives of the disappeared and technology 2021-06-01T19:21:10-05:00 Vélez-Gutiérrez Vélez-Gutiérrez luis.velez2@correo.usa.edu.co <p>The general aim of this article is to analyze the impact of the pandemic caused by Covid-19 on the rights of the victims and relatives of the disappeared, in terms of truth, justice, reparation and the guarantee of non-repetition. The author makes a descriptive study to understand the problems posed by the pandemic, considering the historical and social context of the victims, and the political and institutional management by the Government. For which and because it is an unexpected and recent situation, he goes to information from the media, official documents, empirical observation of what is happening in this regard, and reinforces the content with academic literature. The writing focuses on the effects of the pandemic in Colombia, which may well be the same in Mexico and other Latin American countries. The article makes it possible to visualize the institutional deficiencies and violations of the rights of the victims during the pandemic, but it also concludes on the need to improve and take advantage of the use of technology for the search and identification of the disappeared.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Luis Fernando Vélez-Gutiérrez https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/186 Agro-industrial uses of the coca leaf in indigenous communities of Cauca, Colombia in the post-conflict framework 2021-06-01T19:21:08-05:00 Yudith Cristina Caicedo Dominguez yudithcaicedo6@hotmail.com Guadalupe Hoyos-Garcés lupehoyos55@gmail.com Yépez Yépez rocio.yepez@unad.edu.co Diana Karen Sandoval-Pinedo karens_17@outlook.com <p>The research presented below had the objective of presenting the most significant experiences related to the licit agroindustrial uses of the coca leaf, which the indigenous communities of the department of Cauca Colombia have adopted in the post-conflict framework. Successful cases such as the one generated as a result of the productive activities that were established through a project developed by the National Learning Service (SENA) and de Open Society Foundations, specifically in the community of Lerma, were also revealed of Coca Nasa. Regarding the research methodology, it was carried out with a qualitative and exploratory approach, as a result, it was found that in the last five years the department of Cauca Colombia has presented a significant growth of coca cultivation, especially in the sectors inhabited by indigenous and peasant communities who have preserved the ancestral, nutritional, medicinal, and cultural meaning of coca. Finally, it was concluded that the agro-industry from the coca leaf is viable in this territory. However, the communities face multiple impediments to generate this option for economic and productive development in the region, from the political and legal context.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yudith Cristina Caicedo Dominguez, Guadalupe Hoyos-Garcés, Rocío Yépez, Diana Karen Sandoval-Pinedo https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/187 Electoral Offenses in Nicaraguan Electoral Law 2021-06-01T19:21:03-05:00 Cristian Rivas Castillo castillocris25@yahoo.com <p>The Electoral Law in the modern States is the entity in charge of regulating the political activity and guaranteeing the individuals the respect to their political rights, in this sense, it is necessary to study the operation of this legal branch. In the present work the configuration of the Nicaraguan Electoral Law will be studied, the objectives were established, first to describe the general aspects of the Electoral Law in Nicaragua, also, the Electoral Crimes recognized by the electoral legislation will be identified and classified. The methodology used is qualitative, non-experimental design, under a documentary-bibliographic level. After the documentary review it was observed that the evolution of the Electoral Law in Nicaragua has been related to the recognition of the universal suffrage, likewise, it was identified that the Electoral Law oversees regulating and organizing everything related to the democratic processes, as well as, typifying the actions that are considered as Electoral Crimes. It is concluded that in Nicaragua the Electoral Law plays a leading role in the consolidation of the democratic processes, regarding the Electoral Offenses, it is established that although it is true that there is a recognition of the unlawful actions, there is no clear classification in relation to the misdemeanors and felonies.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Cristian Rivas Castillo https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/158 Perspectives of the Right to the City in Puebla 2021-06-01T19:21:14-05:00 Claudia Guadalupe De la Fuente Morales clausita_16@hotmail.com Fernando Méndez Sánchez fms291077@gmail.com <p>The so-called Right to the City, starts from the premise that the population can recover the urban spaces that originally corresponded to them and make them part of their own culture again, independently of the interests of savage capitalism. From the point of view of this right, a study of the City of Puebla is proposed, showing how since its foundation, it has been part of an elite plan in which the population has been directed to a very specific territorial planning, of the which now give rise to many of the problems of violence and social conflicts that are experienced within it. Inductive, historical, and analytical methods were used, using national and international instruments, with special emphasis on the latter. Among the main conclusions reached, we should highlight the need to apply a protocol that contributes to the development of the Right to the City in Puebla, covering three aspects: community, crime and environment.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/192 Women's rights in the Mexican state, from a human rights perspective for gender equality 2021-06-29T10:21:22-05:00 Deniss Karina González-Lozano dgonzalezlz@uanl.edu.mx Yahaira Berenice Martínez-Pérez yahairamtz@hotmail.com <p>This work is a product of a documentary review that aimed to analyze the rights of women in the Mexican State from a human rights perspective for gender equality. The study focuses a reflective analysis of the legal norm from a critical legal approach. A qualitative methodology was applied from the exegetical and dogmatic method starting from the documentary analysis. The study observes the theoretical-legal framework of women's rights, as well as gender equality in the Mexican State. The study observed that one of the groups that have suffered the serious consequences of discrimination and whose rights have been violated in a devastating way are women. The need to generate attention mechanisms from a human rights perspective to safeguard women's rights is concluded.</p> 2021-08-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Deniss Karina González-Lozano, Yahaira Berenice Martínez-Pérez https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/191 Polyarchy and citizenship in state of Mexico 2021-07-01T04:09:29-05:00 Ricardo Escutia-Miranda desmun_rem@hotmail.com René Torres-Ruiz rene.torres@ibero.mx <p>This article is the product of a qualitative research, where through process tracing and documentary analysis, the theoretical debate of democracy and citizenship is contrasted to the reality of the state of Mexico and the way in which these meanings operate, the objective is to identify how these categories are understood and put into practice. For this, a tour is made on the theoretical debate of democracy and its relationship with the citizen, later, it is described how the categories are established and observed in the political constitution of the entity, as well as the rights and obligations of Mexico, with the purpose to contrast the theoretical discourse with reality. The results point to the operationalization of a procedural democracy with a tendency to what Robert Dahl calls polyarchy, a government of competing elites, which allows representativeness, certain levels of participation, opposition and alternation, while discouraging political participation outside electoral processes.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ricardo Escutia-Miranda https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/193 The right of freedom to profess the Catholic faith in the face of restrictions of movement and assembly in the wake of COVID-19 2021-07-01T04:09:01-05:00 Víctor Vera-García victorveragarcia90@gmail.com Duarte-Tello Duarte-Tello francisco.duarte@icai.org.mx <p>This article is the result of research focused on analyzing the way in which Catholic believers began to live and continue to live their faith in the wake of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. It aims to unravel whether the mobility and assembly restriction measures dictated by different governments took into account religious expressions and to describe how Catholic parishioners and authorities adapted to such circumstances. The research technique of the work is hermeneutic, and the type of research is qualitative. The research findings show a change in the way worshippers profess their faith, accentuated by the pandemic and its restrictions. The various tools provided by audiovisual, digital and social media have been adapted for religious worship.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Víctor Vera-García, Francisco Duarte-Tello https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/195 The determinant characteristics of the administration of the oral commercial justice under the new model of Latin-American judicial management 2021-07-27T05:19:01-05:00 Roberto Treviño Ramos roberto_tr2003@yahoo.com.mx Gustavo Daniel Ortiz Téllez gustavo.ortiz.tellez@gmail.com Héctor Hugo Maldonado Salinas hector.mldo@gmail.com <p>Latin American countries have gradually begun to leave behind the traditional written commercial justice system, adopting an oral model similar to those used in Anglo-American countries, which have the common law as a reference in order to increase security and certainty to its citizens and users, including foreign investors. The following paper is a product of a documentary review, whose objective seeks to establish the characteristics of the new model of judicial management in Latin America. The deductive method was applied using the documentary review research technique, the type of research is qualitative, as a result of the research, a scientific literary-theoretical framework is consolidated, establishing eight determining variables which were: efficacy, training, information and communication technologies, transparency, specialization, unification of criteria and expedites.</p> 2021-07-26T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Roberto Treviño Ramos, Gustavo Daniel Ortiz Téllez3, Héctor Hugo Maldonado Salinas4 https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/189 Redefining the precariat from the Chinese perspective 2021-06-07T10:14:28-05:00 Borja García Vázquez borjagarcia131@gmail.com <p>This article is the product of a documentary review whose objective was to deny the originality of the precariat as a new emerging social class, by exposing the concept, confronting it with the notion of class exposed from Marxism, and the existing social conditions in the currently in the People's Republic of China. For this, the qualitative method of documentary review of the works of the author who coined the concept of precariat, Guy Standing, was applied, opposing it to the writings of Antonio Gramsci, Karl Marx, Louis Althusser, Mao Tse-Tung, and Slavoj Žižek, as representatives of the Marxism; finding that the worsening of the workers' situation has originated a phenomenon of precarious living conditions, concluding that the precariat is not a new class, but rather the impoverishment of the proletariat.</p> 2021-08-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Borja García Vázquez https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/196 University paradiplomacy, the transformations of universities in the face of COVID 19 2021-08-29T02:10:40-05:00 María Gabriela Zapata-Morán gabrielazapmor15@gmail.com Jorge Hipólito Berlanga-Ramírez polo_rmz@hotmail.com Hugo Salazar-Mata hugosalazarm@gmail.com <p>The public and private university model in Mexico has been transformed with the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. The new strategies of university paradiplomacy create a new university system capable of integrating digital strategies and inter-institutional relations at a distance. The objective of this article is to compile the different strategies that are implemented to carry out paradiplomatic actions in universities and the impact they have on attracting foreign students who enter a Postgraduate degree at UANL. In a study carried out before and during the pandemic, a quantitative instrument was used to collect data through surveys applied to foreign students. This article is the product of a documentary and literary review where it was found that the contrast of results indicated a transformation in the university company and its internationalization during the pandemic. The new university models bring with them new paradiplomacy strategies that allow us to understand the international dimension of universities as local actors.</p> 2021-08-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 María Gabriela Zapata-Morán, Jorge Hipólito Berlanga-Ramírez, Hugo Salazar-Mata https://revpoliticas.uanl.mx/index.php/RPGyC/article/view/197 Measurement of resilience in adult victims of the conflict: Case of Carmen de Bolívar, Colombia 2021-09-08T15:49:59-05:00 Alberto Enrique Candanoza-Henríquez Profesorcandanoza@gmail.com Marco Antonio Rojo-Gutiérrez marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx <p>This article is the result of an investigation that aimed to measure the resilience of adult victims of the conflict in Carmen de Bolívar, Colombia. For this, a short, structured questionnaire of 32 items was applied where the variables internal protective factors, external protective factors and Empathy were evaluated. 156 adults from the geographical area studied participated. Among the results, it was found that among the internal protective factors, self-confidence stands out, they consider that education is very important among the external protective factors and with respect to empathy they trust in a better tomorrow. It was concluded that, although the definition and measurement of resilience is limited due to the dynamic nature and the multiple factors of influence of the construct, the civil population surveyed shows characteristic elements of resilient behavior after having been affected by the armed conflict in its region.</p> 2021-09-08T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alberto Enrique Candanoza-Henríquez, Marco Antonio Rojo-Gutiérrez