Explorando la factibilidad del Seguro de Desempleo en Nuevo León


  • Tuur Ghys Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Pieter Cools Universiteit Antwerpen




Unemployment Insurance, Unemployment, Social Policy, Robotization


This paper explores the feasibility of unemployment insurance in Nuevo León, Mexico. It starts by exploring the policy context, in which we pay special attention to societal challenges such as robotization that can revitalize the debate on a social policy that was historically absent from the Mexican welfare state. The paper proposes a model of unemployment insurance adapted to this context, drawing on insights from a literature study, a public opinion survey and a cost calculation. The innovative feature of this model is adaptability, where key variables change along with the situation on the labor market.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Tuur Ghys, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

Doctor en Sociología por Universiteit Antwerpen, Profesor Investigador de la Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México. Email: tuur.ghys@uanl.edu.mx  Orcid: 0000-0003-4582-5578

Pieter Cools, Universiteit Antwerpen

Doctor en Sociología por Universiteit Antwerpen, profesor invitado en la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Políticas, Universiteit Antwerpen, Bélgica. Email: pieter.cools@uantwerpen.be .Orcid: 0000-0002-8037-3645


Abramo, L., Cecchini, S. & Morales, B. (2019). Social programs, poverty eradication and labour inclusion. Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean. ECLAC Books. Santiago: United Nations Publishing. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/11c416e7-en

Arntz, M., Gregory, T. & Zierahn, U. (2016). The risk of automation for jobs in OECD countries: A comparative analysis. OECD Social, Employment, and Migration Working Papers, 189. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Auray, S. & Fuller, D. (2020). Eligibility, Experience Rating, and Unemployment Insurance Take-up. Quantitative Economics, 11(3), 1059-1107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3982/QE940

Autor, D. (2015). Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 29(3), 3-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jep.29.3.3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.29.3.3

Bardach, E. (2001). Los 8 pasos para el análisis de Políticas Públicas. CIDE.

Bensusán, G. (2014). El seguro de desempleo en México. Opciones, características,

ventajas y desventajas. Macroeconomía del Desarrollo series, 151. Santiago: ECLAC.

Brynolfsson, E. & McAfee, A. (2014). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. London: W.W. Norton.

Cecchissi, S. Filgueira, F. & Robles, C. (2014). Social Protection systems in Latin America and the Caribbean. Santiago: United Nations Publishing. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2532622

Comisión Nacional del Sistema de Ahorro para el Retiro (2021). Retiros parciales IMSS. https://www.gob.mx/consar/articulos/retiros-parciales-97089

Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social - CONEVAL (2021). Líneas de Pobreza por Ingresos México 1992 (enero) a 2021 (diciembre). https://www.coneval.org.mx/Medicion/MP/Paginas/Lineas-de-bienestar-y-canasta-basica.aspx

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean – ECLAC (2019). Social Panorama of Latin America, 2019. United Nations Publishing.

Frey, C., & Osborne, M. (2013). The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerisation? http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/publications/view/1314

Gans, H. (1995). The war against the poor. BasicBooks.

Garland, D. (2014). The Welfare State: A Fundamental Dimension of Modern Government. European Journal of Sociology, 55(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003975614000162

Ghys, T., Cools, P., Inzunza, B. & Wright, C. (2021). Confronting Robotization in Mexico. Tla-Melaua, 49.

Horton, T. & Gregory, J. (2010). Why solidarity matters: the political strategy of welfare design. The Political Quarterly, 81(2). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-923X.2010.02083.x

Gobierno de la Ciudad de México. (2021). Gaceta oficial de la Ciudad de México, No. 523 Bis.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía - INEGI (2021). Indicadores de ocupación y empleo. Cifras oportunas durante octubre de 2021. Comunicado de prensa núm 697/21. INEGI.

Inzunsa, A. (2018). Cultural Perceptions on Poverty in the City of Monterrey, Mexico. In T. Ghys, A. Hernandez & V. Cuevas (Coord). Poverty and Politics: North Mexican and international observations. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.

Johannessen, J.A. (2018). Automation, innovation and economic crisis. Surviving the fourth industrial revolution. New York: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351039864

Küpper, D.; Lorenz, M.; Knizek, C.; Kuhlmann, K.; Maue, A.; Lässig, R. & Buchner, T. (2019). Advanced Robotics in the Factory of the Future. Boston Consulting Group. https://www.bcg.com/publications/2019/advanced-robotics-factory-future

Leduc, S., Liu, Z. (2020). Can Pandemic-Induced Job Uncertainty Stimulate DOI: https://doi.org/10.24148/wp2020-19

Automation? Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Working Paper 2020-19.

Nedelkoska, L., Quintini, G. (2018). Automation, skills use and training. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, 202. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Oppenheimer, A. (2018). ¡Sálvese quien pueda! El futuro del trabajo en la era de la automatización. México City: Debate.

OECD (2022). Population with tertiary education (indicator). https://data.oecd.org/eduatt/population-with-tertiary-education.htm

Rees-Jones, A., D’Attoma, J., Piolatto, A., Salvadori, L. (2020). COVID-19 Changed Tastes for Safety-Net Programs. NBER Working Paper No. 27865. Cambridge: NBER. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3386/w27865

Rifkin, J. (1995). The end of work. G. P. Putnam's Sons.

Royce, E. (2015). Poverty and power. The problem of structural inequality. Rowman & Littlefield.

Sedik, T.S., Yoo, J. (2021). Pandemics and Automation: Will the Lost Jobs Come Back? IMF Working paper 21/11. International Monetary Fund. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5089/9781513566849.001

Standing, G. (2017). Basic Income: And How We Can Make It Happen. Pelican: Milton Keynes. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1bvnf53

Van Breugel, G. (2016). Unemployment protection systems: the experiences of developed and transition countries. In A. Isgut & J. Weller (Ed.) Protection and training Institutions for improving workforce integration in Latin America and Asia (pp. 33-67). United Nations – ECLAC. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/6614d209-en

Valencia, E., Foust, D., Tetreault, D. (2012). Social Protection systems in Latin America and the Caribbean. Mexico. ECLAC. Santiago: United Nations Publishing.

Velásquez, M. (2016). An analysis of unemployment protection in Latin America. In: Isgut, A., Weller, J. (2016). (Eds.). Protection and training: Institutions for improving workforce integration in Latin America and Asia. ECLAC Books, No. 140. Santiago: United Nations Publishing.

Vodopivec, M. (2013). Introducing unemployment insurance to developing countries. IZA Journal of Labor Policy 2013, 2(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-9004-2-1



How to Cite

Ghys, T., & Cools, P. (2022). Explorando la factibilidad del Seguro de Desempleo en Nuevo León. Política, Globalidad Y Ciudadanía, 9(17), 108. https://doi.org/10.29105/pgc9.17-5